Industry Issues

Where around the world is donor anonymity banned?

Austria, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, Victoria and Western Australia.

There are frequent comments that ending donor anonymity will automatically result in a drop in donor numbers.

The HFEA in the UK has updated its figures to include numbers through 2013.  We can see that
that the numbers of UK donors have gone *up* since the ending of anonymity, thus reversing a three year decline.

YEAR

SPERM DONORS

EGG DONORS

 

YEAR

SPERM DONORS

EGG DONORS

1992

375

451

 

2003

257

1,032

1993

426

528

 

2004

237

1,107

1994

417

732

 

2005

285

1,023

1995

414

749

 

2006

307

803

1996

419

806

 

2007

355

1,024

1997

343

910

 

2008

403

1,167

1998

256

943

 

2009

438

1,202

1999

302

1,120

 

2010

492

1,258

2000

323

1.241

 

2011

541

 

2001

327

1,302

 

2012

631

 

2002

288

1,174

 

2013

586

 

Articles

7/15: Wendy's New Huffington Post Blog! First Blog Post:  The Ethical Sperm Bank.  Second Blog Post: Roots and Wings for Donor Offspring.

5/15: Wendy's Guest Blog on International Children's Rights Institute website.

4/15:  Radio Canada Interview  Live Link: http://www.rcinet.ca/en/2015/04/10/mistakes-illustrate-need-to-regulate-sperm-banks/

4/15:  Couple Sues Xytex:  
9/14: Chicago Tribune: Midwest Sperm Bank Mixup   The Today Show

7/14: No Sperm Shortage in the UK

Recent reports that sperm donation in Britain is still in a critical state have been much exaggerated. Donors and sperm samples are in good supply, reports the London Sperm Bank - See more at: http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/finding-your-perfect-sperm-donor-matc...
 

4/14: Fox News: It's time for states to outlaw anonymous sperm, ova donations

1/14: FoxNews.com: More children born from sperm donors seeking out genetic family

1/14: Guest Blog: An Adoptee's Reaction to MTV's Generation Cryo

1/14: TX Family Discovers Switched Sperm Donor A family discovers that they were the victims of a sample switch at a Utah fertility clinic.

8/13: The Age, Victoria, AU:  State law change to help children find donor parent

8/13: CBC News:  4 women received wrong sperm. "In an agreed statement of facts, five women were involved in four artificial inseminations provided by Barwin between 1986 and 2007 and in all four cases DNA tests confirmed the women received the wrong sperm."

9/12 BBC News: Denmark tightens sperm donor law after NF1 transmissions (pdf)

9/12 Daily Mail: Danish sperm donor passes rare genetic disorder (pdf)
The BBC News and Daily Mail articles are referencing an earlier story, originally reported by DSR members (see the 5/11 Copenhagen Post article on our Medical Issues page).  The interesting thing about this story is that this donor is also a California Cryobank donor. We regularly hear stories about sperm donors passing along medical and genetic issues to children here in the US, but no regulation is ever initiated.

5/12 BioNews: A call by the Donor Sibling Registry to stop using the figures of 30,000-60,000 US sperm donor births (pdf)

3/12 The Sydney Morning Herald: We can't keep them in the dark (pdf)

10/11 Salon: Are Sperm Banks Unethical? (pdf)

10/11 NBC Dallas: Some Call for Regulation of Sperm Banks (pdf)

10/11 Colorado Public Radio: 'Donor Unknown': One Girl's Quest to Find Her Father (link to website)
Audio interview with Wendy Kramer 

10/11 New York Times: Getting to Know a Sperm-Donor Dad (pdf)

10/11 AlterNet: One Man Fathering 150 Children? Why Sperm Banks May Be Unethical (pdf)

8/11 USC Reporting on Health: The Secrets of Fertopolis: Should Sperm and Egg Donors Have to Disclose Their Identities? (pdf)

4/11 Infertility & Reproductive News: Impact of Egg, Sperm, and Embryo Donor Conception on Families (pdf)

3/11 The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity: Regulation (or Lack Thereof) of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the U.S. and Abroad (pdf)
Among developed nations, the U.S. assisted reproduction or fertility industry is one of the least regulated. This has led to a reproductive free-for-all. Any technological means, regardless of the medical and ethical consequences, can be utilized in the pursuit of parenthood if the price is right.

1/11 BioNews: Paying gamete and embryo donors: what are the right principles? (pdf)

10/10 The Guardian: Shortage? What shortage? How the sperm donor debate missed its mark (pdf)

2010 The Columbia Science and Technology Law Review: The Regulation of Genetic Aspects of Donated Reproductive Tissue--The Need for Federal Regulation (pdf

5/09 BioNews: The case for comprehensive medical testing of gamete donors (pdf)

4/09 International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family: Donor-Conceived People's Access to Genetic and Biographical History: An Analysis of Provisions in Different Jurisdictions Permitting Disclosure of Donor Identity (pdf)

4/09 Law.com: Sperm Banks Can Be Sued Under Product Liability Laws, Federal Judge Rules (pdf)

Fall 08 Human Life Review: “Donor Offspring” Redefining Family (pdf)

3/08 Wendy Kramer's Speech: DONOR SIBLING REGISTRY: Educating, Connecting and Supporting Donor Families (pdf)
I believe that it is of paramount importance that this industry examine and address the issues of educating, connecting, and supporting donor families as well as the necessity of more accurate record keeping and accountability.

2/06 U.S. News & World Report: Who's Your Daddy? (pdf)

Marilyn Huff: What's the Limit of Offspring per Donor? (pdf)
A commentary on the ASRM's guidelines for the number of offspring per donor.

8/88 Princeton University: Artificial Insemination: Practice in the United States: Summary of a 1987 Survey (pdf)
This is the only survey on US sperm banks to date.  It erroneously stated that there were 30,000 donor-offspring born each year in the US. The same number that's used today, 25 years later.

Other Relevant Articles

We've included many articles on the law, the ethics, the comparisons to adoption, the need for regulation, and the nuts and bolts of donor conception. Issues we should all ponder!

12/11 BioNews: Of family and finance: Israeli citizens without rights and HFEA remuneration (pdf)

9/10 The Globe and Mail: Doctor sued over allegedly mixing up sperm samples (pdf)

7/10 BioNews: 'My Daddy's Name is Donor': Read with caution! (pdf)

2009 Medicine and Law: Donation of Eggs in Assisted Reproduction and Informed Consent (pdf

12/09 Genomics Law Report: Reproductive Genetic Screening: More Questions Than Answers (pdf)

11/09 BioNews: Children's human rights and assisted human reproduction (pdf)

6/09 National Review: Scrambled Ethics (pdf)

2/09 Adoption Institute: Old Lessons For a New World: Applying Adoption Research and Experience to Assisted Reproductive Technology (pdf)

1/09 ASRM Ethics Committee: Interests, obligations, and rights of the donor in gamete donation (pdf)

12/08 The Wall Street Journal: Ova Time: Women Line Up To Donate Eggs -- for Money (pdf)

6/08 Medical News Today: Donor Offspring May Feel Betrayal, Anger: Study (pdf)

6/08 ADVANCE: Conceivable Truths (pdf)

4/08 Naomi Cahn: Necessary Subjects:  The Need for a Mandatory National Donor Gamete Registry (pdf)

11/07 Center for Genetics and Society: It’s Time for an Egg Donor Registry and Long-term Follow-up (pdf)

2007 Thomas K. Sylvester, Yale Law School: The Case Against Sperm Donor Anonymity (pdf

2007 CNN: States urged to open adoption records (pdf)

2007 Best Practice & Research: Donor gametes: anonymous or identified? (pdf)

3/07 Manchester Evening News: Men still donating sperm (pdf)

4/07 American Fertility Association Newsletter: DNA And The Exploding Myth Of Donor Anonymity (pdf)

11/05 NewScientist.com: Anonymous sperm donor traced on internet (pdf)

The Sperm Bank of California: Research (link to research)

Please browse our "News" page as there have been many news stories over the past decade addressing the many issues within the reproductive medicine industry.